Current Research Projects
1. Personal/Team Research
a) Socio-economic Analysis of the Impact of Agricultural Co-operative Organisations’ Study: The study investigated the capability of the farmers’ co-operative societies in transforming the rural economy to a more productive one. This can be realistic if members’ well being is better than non-members. The study has shown that co-operators and non-co-operators were not different in many of their personal characteristics; the co-operators were better in the economic status, adoption level, family health status, social-economic status and social participation. The study then established that participation in farmers’ co-operatives contribute to some dimensions of members’ socio-economic well-being. Co-operatives must be broad-based in activity to be a virile tool in transforming the rural economy.
b) Construction and Validation of Co-operative Participation Index Study: The degree of participation rather than membership had been found to be an important determinant of impact of co-operatives on farmers’ well being. It was therefore found necessary to construct a tool to quantitatively measure farmers’ co-operative participation. A 15-item scale with reasonably high validity and reliability was developed.
c) Rural Adults’ Attitude towards Farmers’ Co-operatives Study: Despite the relatively higher level of living of members, farmers’ co-operatives still record less than five percent in membership potentials. This study found this to be so due to the narrow coverage of activities and lack of co-operative awareness and education.
d) Urban farming in Nigeria Study: The study found that majority of the city farmers did not target the market but consumption. The farmers indicated that they will continue should their primary income double, though, there is no programme on ground serving the interest of practitioners to enhance their productivity.
e) Phased Participatory Extension Education System Study (PPEES): The designing of a framework for phased participatory extension education system for Africa [PPEES]. The key elements include functional phasing of extension, grassroots participation and inclusive education. The model is being piloted by some NGOs in extension/development interventions already. Positive feedback on its effectiveness is trickling in. Wider application is envisaged as more development projects adopt the model.
2. Commissioned Research and Development Activities Participated
a) Literacy Farm Projects Study (of the FGN/EEC Middle Belt Programme in Kogi and Kwara States): The study has shown that the improved performance of farmers who participated in the Literacy Adult Education and Literacy Farm Project can be attributed to the use of the action-learning methodology.
b) National Agricultural Research Project Study (Central Zone): The high potentials of the natural resource endowment of the Central Zone of Nigeria were brought to bear. It was also concluded that appropriate agricultural policy, institutional reforms and general revamping of the basic infrastructures are a sine qua non before the potentials can be effectively harnessed.
c) Demographic Survey of the Bia Reserve in the Western Region, Ghana Study: (Protected Area Development Programme, Ghana; funded by European Union) - The study provided management strategies to enable regular and reliable monitoring of population, to ensure that a reliable record of demographic information is maintained for use.
d) Agricultural Science and Technology Indicators Survey for Nigeria. [Sponsor, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) and International Service for National Agricultural Research
(ISNAR)]: Focus was on investigating the capacity and the effectiveness of faculties of agriculture and research institutes for the research challenges of the agricultural sector. Funding, Institutional / organisational bottlenecks and general lack of policy support had crippled the potentials the faculties and institutes.
e) Quality Assessment of Basic Infrastructures Study: The study attempted a quantitative assessment of the basic infrastructures in Nigeria on the three indicators namely, availability, functionality and utilisation. The poor maintenance of basic infrastructures was glaring and it became obvious that there is the need for maintenance responsibility to be ceded to the government closest to the facilities.
f) National Fadama (II) Development Project of the Southern States of Nigeria: (Project Coordinating Unit, FMARD; funded by World Bank). The study concluded that there are greater opportunities for the expansion of Fadama farming system in the south than hitherto exploited. It has a great potential to further improve the income generating and livelihood activities of the people especially women. However, all stakeholders must be involved in to forestall conflicting interests.
g) Phased Participatory Extension Education System Study (PPEES): The designing of a framework for phased participatory extension education system for Africa [PPEES]. The key elements include functional phasing of extension, grassroots participation and inclusive education. The model is being piloted by some NGOs in extension/development interventions already. Positive feedback on its effectiveness is trickling in. Wider application is envisaged as more development projects adopt the model.
h) Agri-Input Dealers’ Study: The study examines the technical capacity of Agri-Input Dealers in Advisory Service to Arable Farmers. It found that agro-input dealers are potential channels of advisory service delivery; they however require further technical and financial empowerment to be effective. More linkages with research and extension agencies are essential.
ii) In Progress
a) Young Rural Women Empowerment Study.
This study aims at designing a strategy for rural young women and girls empowerment through information and communication technology (ITC). Work is at the level of developing appropriate distance learning materials for subjects and making exploratory studies on the study area.
b) Stakeholders’ Linkage in the Cassava Industry Study.
The aim of this series of study includes examining the effectiveness of stakeholders’ services in the cassava industry so as to maximise the gains of the Presidential Initiative on cassava. Again focus is on association building, participatory approach, commodity alliance model, public/private sector partnership and ICT as tools for achieving enhanced productivity in the sector. Work is in preliminary stage and it is expected to reduce project failure and in-sustainability common with development interventions in Nigeria.
2. Commissioned Research and Development Activities
a) Policy Advocacy Work on Fertilizer Regulatory System in Nigeria.
Strengthening the capacity of Agri-input Dealers Associations of Kano, Bauchi, Oyo States and the Federal capital territory and their collaboration at Federal level under the auspices of the Farm and Infrastructural Foundation (FIF) and with the sponsorship of IFDC/MIR Project. Several training workshops for technical empowerment in association building and policy advocacy were conducted.These efforts have assisted the associations to be more pro-active and productive; particularly, the policy advocacy work with all fertilizer stakeholders on Fertilizer Regulatory System for Nigeria has succeeded in accelerating the process of enacting the fertilizer policy within which fertilizer regulation is incorporated. Our research and development leadership at FIF is facilitating the establishment of more Agri-input Dealers in other States where they are yet to be established.
b) Development of Production, Post-harvest Handling and Marketing of Selected Short-Cycle Tropical Fruits for Food Security and Export in Nigeria: A Needs Assessment Survey and Proposal on Needs-based Pilot Out-grower Scheme to Strengthen Short-cycle Tropical Fruits Supply Chain for Food Security and Export in Nigeria; for Common Funds for Commodity [CFC, Amsterdam] Intervention.
c) Exploratory Studies on Use of Communication Media as a tool in Community Development.
Research designed to investigate the potentials on community/campus radio in achieving sustainable development at the grassroots level is under way. Collaboration with relevant stakeholders in community radio sector is being developed.
(i) Books or Chapters in Books already Published
1. Ladele, A.A. and Ayoola, G.B. (1997): Food Marketing and its Role in Food Security in Nigeria. in Integrated Agricultural Production in B. Shaib, N.A. Adedipe, A. Aliyu and M.M. Jir (Eds), Nigeria: Strategies and Mechanisms for Food Security NARP Monograph No. 5, pp 88-103.
2. Ladele, A.A. (2001): Principles of Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology. In Ogunlola B.O. (Ed.) Agricultural Inputs and Product Management. OYSCE Publication Series. Ibadan. pp. 65 - 98.
3. Ladele, A. A. (2002): Use of Rural Farmers’ Group in Extension Work. In Akinbile L.A. and Oladeji, J.O. (eds.) Agricultural Extension Education. Centre for External Studies, University of Ibadan.Ibadan. pp. 79 – 86.
4. Ladele, A. A. (2002): Personality Development. In Oladele, O.I. and Olujide, M.G. (Eds.). Ibadan Distance Learning Centre Series. University of Ibadan, Ibadan. pp. 14 – 19.
5. Ladele, A. A. (2003): Groups in the Community as Change Agents. In Adekoya, A. E. (Ed.) Community Agricultural Extension. Distance Learning Centre. University of Ibadan. pp 80-86.
6. Ladele, A.A. (2004): Sampling techniques in Agricultural Extension. In Olowu Terry A. (Ed). Research methods in Agricultural Extension. pp. 83-100.
7. Ladele, A. A. (2005): Rural Development Process and Practice. In Adedoyin S. Fola (Ed.). Agricultural Extension in Nigeria. Agricultural Extension Society of Nigeria (AESON PUBLICATIONS). pp. 139-144.
(ii) Articles that have already appeared in learned journals
8. Ladele, A.A. and Omotesho, O. A (1986): The Role of Agricultural Extension Services in Enhancing Agricultural Productivity in Nigeria. ARMTI Seminar Series No. IX. pp. 61 – 64.
9. Omotesho, O.A and Ladele, A.A. (1988): The Role of Rural Banking Programme in Mobilizing Saving among Small- scale Farmers in Nigeria" Journal of Rural Development in Nigeria. Vol.3 No. 1 pp 1 - 5.
10. Omotesho, O.A. and Ladele, A.A. (1988): Management problems in large-scale poultry business in Nigeria. FAMAN Journal. Vol. 3. pp. 27-35.
11. Omotesho, O.A. and Ladele, A.A. (1990): A Survey of Management Performance of Egg Producing Enterprises in Kwara State. Ilorin Journal of Business and Social Sciences. Vol 2. pp 31-39.
12. Ladele, A.A., Omotesho, O.A. and Toluwase, S.O. (1991): Impact of Agricultural Extension System of Ekiti- Akoko Agricultural Development Project (EAADP), Ondo State." Journal of Rural Development in Nigeria Vol.4 No1 pp.50 -57.
13. Ladele, A.A. (1991): A Descriptive Analysis of Agricultural Co-operative Model in Rural Development." Journal of Rural Development and Administration. Vol.23, No.3, pp.1 -8.
14. Ladele, A.A., Omotesho, O.A. And Opanubi, J.O. (1992): Privatization of Agricultural Extension Service: A Complementary Approach to Rural Development. in Olomola A.S. and A.C. Nwosu (Eds.). Rural Development Strategies in Nigeria. Proc. Of the Sixth Annual Conf. of the Nigerian Rural Sociological Assoc. pp 263-270.
15. Omotesho, O.A. and Ladele, A.A. (1992): Cost and Returns to Air-cured Tobacco Production in Ogbomosho Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. in O.A. Philip(Ed.). Cost and Returns in the Nigerian Agriculture. Proc. of the National Conf. Of Farm Management Assoc. of Nigeria pp 66-73.
16. Ladele,A.A., Olowu, T.A. and Igodan, C.O. (1994): Socio-economic Impact of Agricultural Co-operative Organisations: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria. Journal ofRural Development and Administration. Vol. xxvi, No1, pp 1-15.
17. Joseph, K., Omotesho, O.A. Ladele, A. A. and Momoh, R.O. (1995):Agrosearch. Vol.1, No. 1 pp 65 -71. Relationship Between Tested Organoleptic Qualities and the Consumption Pattern for Selected Poultry Meat Types in Three Nigerian Cities.
18. Omotesho, O.A., Okuneye, A.A. and Ladele, A.A. (1995): Economics of Dry Land Agricultural Production on the Bakolori Irrigation Project, Talata-Mafara, Sokoto State, Nigeria. Modelling, Measurement and Control, D.Vol.11. No.3, pp 1-10.
19. Ladele, A.A. (1995): Dynamics of Agricultural Extension Service Structure and Policy: the Need for Group Extension in Sustainable Agricultural Technology Transfer in Nigeria in Terry Olowu and S.O. Afolayan (Eds.). Issues and Priorities for Nigeria's Agricultural Extension in the 21st Century. Proc. Of the Inaugural Conf. Of the Agricultural Extension Society of Nigeria. pp. 57-68.
20. Igodan, C.O., Ladele, A.A and Olowu, T.A. (1995): Determinants of Membership Participation in Farmers' Co-operative Organisations in Kwara and Oyo States, Nigeria. Centrepoint, Science Edition. Vol. 5, No. 2 pp 70-85.
21. Omotesho, O.A., Joseph, J.K., Ladele, A.A. and Ajagbe, O.A. (1995):Centrepoint (Science Ed.) Vol. 5, No. 2 pp 49-60. Animal Protein Crisis in the Nigerian Food Basket: A Preliminary Survey of Three LGAs in Oyo State, Nigeria.
22. Ladele, A.A. and O.A. Omotesho, K. Joseph and T.O, Ijaya (1996): The Relationship Between Laboratory Sensory Quality Ratings, Observed Eating Habits and Preference for Different Varieties of Meat in Nigeria. International Journal of FoodSciences and Nutrition Vol. 47(2): 141-145.
23. Omotesho, O.A., Adewumi, M.O. and Ladele, A.A (1996): Relevance of Standardization and Grading in Marketing of Grains in Nigeria. A Survey of Selected Markets in Kwara State. Agrosearch. Vol. 1 No.2. pp 129 –134.
24. Ladele, A.A. (1996): Attitude of Rural Adults towards Farmers Co-operatives. In S. Fola, Adedoyin and J.O.Y. Aihonsu(Eds.). Sustainable Development in. Rural Development. Proc. of the Eight Annual Conf. of the Nigerian Rural Sociological Assoc. NRSA. Ago-Iwoye. pp 270-278.
25. Matanmi, B.M. and Ladele, A.A. (1996): Participation of Private Organizations in Agricultural Development: Lessons from the Extension Type Activities of the Alimontos Congelados Monte Bellos, S.A. (ALCOSA) in the Guatemala and the Shell Petroleum in Nigeria. Journal of Rural Development and Administration. Vol. 28, No 2, pp. 39-50.
26. Awolola, M.D. and Ladele, A.A. (1996): Adult Literacy Programmes as framework for women’s participation in agricultural development: A case of literacy farm project in Nigeria. Journal of Extension Systems. Vol. 12. No.2. pp. 45-55.
27. Ladele, A.A. (1997): Construction and Standardization of a Scale for Measuring Farmers' Co-operative Participation in Kwara and Oyo States, Nigeria. The Nigerian Rural Sociologist. Vol.1. pp 1 – 11.
28. Awolola, M.D. and Ladele, A.A. (1997): The Impact of the Functional Literacy Farm Project on the Participating Farmers in Kwara and Kogi States. Rural Development and Administration Vol. 29, No.1, pp.71 - 82.
29. Ladele, A.A. (1997): Contemporary Implications of Some Social Values in Yoruba Culture. Ife Psychologia: An International Journal. Vol.5 No.2 pp.12-19.
30. Ladele, A.A. and O. A. Omotesho (1997): Improved Agricultural Support System through Farmers’ Co-operatives in Nigeria. Journal of Rural Development and Administration Vol. 29 No. 3 pp 50-60.
31. Ladele, A. A. (1997): Nigeria Farm Settlement Scheme in Retrospect: Lessons for Future Rural Development Programme. Centrepoint (Science Ed.). Vol. 7, No. 1 pp.75 - 91.
32. Ladele, A.A. (1997): The Place of Co-operative Education in Farmers’ Co-operative Development in Nigeria. Centrepoint (Humanities Edition) Vol. 7, No.2 pp 222-233.
33. Awolola, M. D. and A. A. Ladele (1998): Education and Environmental Behaviour among Rural Dwellers in Nigeria: A Theoretical Analysis. International Journal of Environmental Education and Information Vol. 17 No. 3 pp. 267-274.
34. Ladele, A.A. (1998): Strategies to Integrate Youths in Agricultural Development in Nigeria. The Nigerian Journal of Agricultural and Rural Management.Vols. 3&4 No.3 pp. 70-79.
35. Boateng, S.D. and Ladele, A.A. (1999): The Latent Effects of Developmental Actions on the Socio-economic Well-being of the Afram Plain communities in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The International Journal of Environmental Education and Information.Vol.18. No.3 pp.253-262.
36. Ladele, A. A. and Israel Ogunlade (1999): An Overview of the Role of Extension Education in Agricultural Development in the 20th Century in sub-Saharan Africa and the Emerging Challenges. Proceedings of the 21st Convention of Nigeria Association of Educational Media and Technology. (NAEMT). pp. 116-122.
37. Ladele, A.A. and Omotesho, A.O. (2000): Some Features of City Farming in Two Nigerian Cities: Ibadan and Ilorin. In Agricultural Extension and Poverty Allevition in Nigeria in T. A. Olowu (Ed.). Proceedings of the Sixth Annual National Conference of the Agricultural Extension Society of Nigeria. pp. 17 – 25.
38. Ladele, A.A. (2001). Environmental Education, Drought and the Rural Man: Implications for Policy Makers and Farmers in sub-Saharan Africa. International Journal of Environment Education and Information. Vol. 20. No. 4 pp. 275 – 286.
39. Ogunsumi, L. O., Afolami, A. A., Ladele, A. A., Adebowale, E. A., and Ogunbodede, B. A. (2001): Social Benefit to Downy Mildew Maize Research in Downey Mildew Endemic Areas of Nigeria. Moor Journal of Agricultural Research. Vol. 2 No.1 pp. 168 – 178.
40. Ogunsumi, L. O., Ladele, A. A. and Augustus E.O. (2002): Assessment of Cowpea Production Technology in South – West Nigeria. Journal of Extension Systems. Vol. 18. No.1 pp.101 – 115.
41. Ladele, A. A., Awolola M.D. and Ogunlade, I.(2002):Agro – based Non – Governmental Organizations for Extension Services in Nigeria: Evidence form Lagos and Oyo States. Nigerian Journal of Rural Sociology. Vol. 3. Nos.1 and 2,pp. 88 – 98.
42. Ladele, A. A. (2002): Beyond Training and Visit: A Sustainable Extension Approach for Africa through Phased Participatory Extension System. African Crop Science Conference Proceedings. Vol. 5. pp. 805-810.
43. Ladele, A. A. and Ogunsumi, L. O. (2002): Regenerating the youth toward rural development in Nigeria: A case for National Youth Service Corps Scheme Restructuring. Proceedings of the 5th National Research Network Meeting and Conference of Children-in-Agriculture Programme (CIAP) pp. 199-202.
44. Ladele, A.A. and A.O. Adewole (2004): Evaluation of democratic
principles in self-initiated and government-organized farmers’
cooperatives in Oyo State. Nigerian
Journal of Rural Sociology. Vol. 4. Nos. 1 and 2, pp. 95 –
45. Kuponiyi, F.A. and A.A. Ladele (2005): Involvement of
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) in food production
and welfare of beneficiaries: The efforts of FADU and DADP
in South Western Nigeria. Journal of Human Ecology. Vol.
17. No.1. pp.1-12.
46. Anaglo, J. N. and A. A. Ladele (2005): Group Attributes
Associated with the Effectiveness of Extension Delivery:
Evidence from Ho District in Ghana. Journal of Extension
Systems. Vol.21. No. 1. pp 1 – 13.
47. Ladele, A. A. (2005): The Role of Extension Service Delivery
in Poverty Reduction and Facilitating the Creation of Wealth
by the Poor in Nigeria. In Adedoyin S.F. and O. A. Adeokun
(Eds.). Institutional Frameworks and Processes for Enhancing
Effectiveness of Extension Service. Proceedings of the
Southwest AESON Workshop. pp. 24-30.
48.Ladele, A. A. and M. E. Edgal (2005): Potentials of
Agricultural Knowledge and Information System (AKIS)
Stakeholders in Participatory Extension System in Oyo State,
Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Rural Sociology. Vol. 5 Nos. 1 &
2 pp 100 – 108.
49. Ogunlade, I. O. , E. S. Ikuemonis and A. A. Ladele (2006):
Determination of Supervisory and Management Competencies
of Agricultural Extension and Block Supervisors in South-
western Nigeria. China Agricultural Economic Review. Vol. 4.
No.1 pp. 111-118.
50. Ladele, A. A. and O. M. Agbebaku (2006): Analysis of
Entrepreneurial Skills Development through Farm Practical
Training Programmes of University of Ibadan and University of
Agriculture, Abeokuta. Journal of Agricultural Extension. Vol
9. pp. 14 – 22.
51. Ayoola, G. B. and A. A. Ladele (1997): Trends and
Observations in the Funding of Agricultural Research in the NARIs and FCAs. Lead paper presented at the 1st Agricultural Research Council of Nigeria [ARCN] Retreat held 9 -13, July 2007 in Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria.
52. Tackie-Ofosu, V., A. A. Ladele and P. B. Atengdem (2007):
Community Participation and Effectiveness of Rural Water
Supply Management in the Suhum Kraboa Coalter District,
Eastern Region of Ghana. In Aihonsu J. et. al. (eds.). Infrastrcture
and Water Management in Nigeria’s Agricultural and Rural
Development Systems; Proceedings of the 21st Annual National
Conference of Farm Management Association of Nigeria. pp.256-
53. Ladele, A. A., A. Aderinto and A. Mould (2008): Technical
Capacity of Agro-Input Dealers in Advisory Service Delivery to
Maize Farmers in Oyo State. Nigerian Journal of Rural
Sociology. Vol. 8, No. 1. pp 18 – 26.
54. Ladele, A. A. and O. S. Fadairo (2008): Assessment of Goals
Accomplishment of National Youth Service Corps [NYSC]
Scheme among Corps Members in Osun State, Nigeria.
Nigerian Journal of Rural Sociology. Vol. 8, No. 1. pp 89 -
55. Ladele, A. A. and O. S. Fadairo (2008): Assessment of the
Relevance of National Youth Service Corps Scheme among
Residents of some selected Communities in Osun State,
Nigeria. In Ladele, A. A. et. al. (Eds.) Powering the
Agricultural and Rural Transformation Process in Nigeria.
Proceedings of the 16th Annual Congress of the NRSA. pp 138
56. Ladele, A. A. (2008): Possible Roles of Extension in
Promoting Spices Production, Processing and Utilization in
Nigeria. In Adelaja, B. A. et. al. Proceedings of First National
Stakeholders Workshop on Spices [NIHORT]. pp 78 – 89.
56. Ladele, A. A. And G. B. Ayoola (2009): Policy Advocacy: the Case
of Agri-input Dealers Associations’ Demand for Fertilizer
Regulatory System for Nigeria. Nigerian Journal Of Rural Sociology.
Vol.9. No. 1. pp123-129
(iv). Technical Reports:
57. Ladele, A. A. and 39 others (1994): National Agricultural
Research Strategy Plan for Nigeria: Report on Central Zone).
National Agricultural Research Project, Department of
Agricultural Sciences, Federal Ministry of Agriculture and
Natural Resources. 277pp.
58. Sakyi-Dawson O., Boateng S.D., Ladele A.A., Asem P. and
S. Appiah-Adjei (1999): Demographic Survey of Bia Reserve
in the Western Region, Ghana. 39pp.
59. Olawoye, J.E., Ladele, A. A., Oladeji, J.O., Akinbile, L.A.,
Odebode, S.O., Olujide, M.G. Oyesola, O.B., and Fakoya,
E.O. (2002). Fadama II Preparation Studies: Social
assessment for the Southern States of Nigeria.98pp.
60. Adekunle, Adewale A., Terry A. Olowu and Ademola A.
Ladele (2005). Bridging the Communication Gap Between
Scientists and Farmers in Katsina State of Nigeria. An
Information and Communication Support for Agricultural
Growth in Nigeria. IITA/USAID supported. 20pp.
Provide a word or pdf format of the ABSTRACT (mandatory) and full article (where possible)
Journal of Extension Systems, 2005, V. 21 June, pp. 1-13.
Group Attributes Associated with Effectiveness of Extension Delivery:Evidence from the Ho District in Ghana
Anaglo and A.A. Ladele*+
Department of Agricultural Extension
University of Ghana, Legon, Accra, Ghana.
* Dept of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.
+ Corresponding Author.
Extension contact groups formed by Agricultural Extension Agents do not function properly and usually collapse and no longer available for transmission of extension messages. A study was conducted to find out factors associated with the functioning of contact groups and the effectiveness of extension delivery. A survey research involving 17 Agricultural Extension Agents (AEAs) and 112 farmers in 16 contact groups was carried out in six AEA operational areas. The AEAs used mainly proximity of farms and to a smaller extent, similarity of crops/animals as the main criteria for forming contact groups. Farmer-formed groups were more cohesive and sustainable than the AEA formed groups. However, there was no significant difference in extension delivery to Farmer-formed groups and AEA-formed group. For the purpose of continuity and sustainability, cohesiveness in the groups which is not essential for extension delivery, becomes vital. AEAs should encourage farmers to form their own groups so that they can later be adopted for extension work.
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
1996, Vol. 47, No. 2, Pages 141-145
Sensory quality ratings, consumption pattern and preference for some selected meat types in Nigeria
A. A. Ladele1†, K. Joseph1, O. A. Omotesho1 and T. O. Ijaiya1
1Faculty of Agriculture, University of llorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
†Correspondence: A. A. Ladele, Department of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
Sensory quality attributes, consumption pattern and preference for some selected Nigerian meat types (beef, goat meat, mutton, grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus raptorum), African giant rat (Cricetomys gambianus-water house) were investigated. Sensory quality scores were carried out using a panel of thirty carefully screened consumers, based on a 9-point hedonic scale: While consumer consumption pattern and preference were assessed through a field survey of 120 randomly selected respondents using a well structured questionnaire. It was found that beef was the most consumed meat followed by goat meat, then mutton, grasscutter and lastly African giant rat. Consumption of grasscutter was constrained by availability and cost. Goat meat was the most preferred, followed by beef, grasscutter, mutton and African giant rat. In laboratory sensory rating of the meat types, grasscutter had the greatest acceptability followed by goat meat, mutton, African giant rat and lastly beef. The result showed that grasscutter was the most acceptable because of its good meat colour, flavour tenderness and juiciness. It is recommended that more research effort be placed on domestication, breeding and management of grasscutter and African giant rat so as to remove the availability and high cost constraints militating against the utilization of these mammals.
South African Journal of Agricultural Extension > Vol 35 (2006) >
Comparative analysis of the role of for-profit and non-profit private organizations in agricultural extension
AA Ladele, FA Kuponiyi
The increasing private sector\'s participation in agricultural extension delivery is,
complimenting significantly contributing to the public sector\'s effort. It is essential to understand how different private organizations with nuances and goals set about their
extension service delivery to the mutual benefit of both the service provider and the
clientele. This study investigated and compared the roles of for-profit the British American Tobacco Company and non-profit private organizations of the Farmers Development Union and the Diocesan Agricultural Development Programme in agricultural extension service delivery in South-western Nigeria. Data were collected using interview schedule from 218 for-profit and 304 non-profit organizations\' clientele selected by multistage random sampling technique, totalling 522 respondents. Data were analysed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. Mean ages of respondents varied between 49.6 years and 47.1 years for profit-oriented and non-profit private organizations, respectively. At least 95% for-profit participants were married compared with 74.6% of the non-profit private organizations\' clientele. In the case of non-profit organizations there were significant relationships between the level of achievement and gender (x2 = 13.74, p=<.01), land tenure status (x2 = 22.33, p< .01), cosmopoliteness (r =- .323, p< .01) and farming experience (r = .18, p< .05). Significant difference was found between the achievements of for-profit and non-profit organizations’ participants (F = 32.27, p< .05). The profit-oriented organization was concerned with enterprise building for immediate gains while the non-profit organizations were concerned with capacity building. Procedure for recruitment of for-profit participants was stricter and more meticulous than that of the non-profit agencies. Extension contact between agents and farmers was more direct and intensive in the case of the former profit-oriented organisation. All inputs were supplied on credit in the case of for-profit whilst in case of the non-profit organizations materials were sourced and paid for on delivery by the clientele Overall achievement was higher in the case of for-profit organizations. The profit-oriented organization has demonstrated that private extension agencies have the potential to better help the participating farmers while helping themselves in profit making. The non-profit organizations (mostly NGOs) may have to make their programmes more participative and bottom-up generating cost-sharing and thus greater effectiveness.
Key words: Agribusiness, Non-governmental Organization, Capacity building, Enterprise Building, Achievement, Extension.
South African Journal of Agricultural Extension. ISSN: 0301 603X
Journal of Extension Systems, 1996, V.12 Dec.
Adult Literacy Programmes as a Framework for Women's Active Participation in Agricultural Development: A Case of Literacy Farm Project in Nigeria, M. D. Awolola & A. A. Ladele, 45-55.
This study focuses on adult literacy programmes as a framework for women's active participation in Agricultural Development It is argued in the paper that women are the farmers producing food for the majority of Nigerian population and may continue to be so in true future if the present population growth and massive movement of male farmers are not checked. Since many of these women farmers cannot assimilate extension education because of their low level of education, agricultural development programmes may not succeed. The study further argues that there is a need for an adult education programme toward "people development" as developed by the FGN/EEC Middle Belt Programme. Based upon the above, the Adult Literacy Farm Project located at Rogun was used as a case study. Purposive sampling method was used to select 250 farmers for the study and results of the study show that the action-learning methodology used by the FGN/EEC Middle Belt Programme is very effective. This is evident in the performances of the women farmers who participated in the Programme. Action-learning methodology is, therefore, recommended for use in other programmes designed to improve the living conditions of rural dwellers.
Journal of Extension Systems. Vol. 18 2002
Assessment of Cowpea Production Technology in South West Nigeria, L. O. Ogunsumi, A. A. Ladele, and E. O. Agustus, 101-115.
The study assesses cowpea production technology in southwest Nigeria with data from a sample of 129 respondents, randomly selected from three states. Cowpea is a staple food that can boost human protein intake. Primary data were collected with the use of validated questionnaires. Secondary data were also collected from Agricultural Development Programmes (ADP) and Institute of Agricultural Research and Training (IAR & T) to supplement the data required for the study. About 75 per cent of the respondents claimed to have sourced the improved seeds from ADP while 60 per cent got chemicals from open markets. The cowpea production package was assessed by about 73 percent of respondents as effective while about 17 per cent described it as only fairly effective. About 10 per cent saw it as not effective. Most of the respondents used manual labour to control weeds possibly due to high cost and adulteration in the content of the herbicides. In as much as farmers intend to increase production, unavailability of inputs coupled with unaffordable costs of most of the input components were among the major constraints in the study area. The findings give credence to farming systems research.
(1) www.bepress.com/ijfe/ for Journal of University Ranking
(2) http://www.cigr-ejournal.tamu.edu/ for Journal of Webometrics